The history of this sport goes far back to India – 5th-6th century. But the game did not look like we are used to, in it only the field for playing pieces resembled this sport. Initially, there were 4 players in the game and the moves were in turn, and the number of moves of the pieces was determined by dice. From India, the game quickly moved to the countries of the Middle East: China, Thailand. The name of the game changed depending on the countries it hit.
When the game reached the Arab countries, it changed a lot: there were only 2 players. The figures were assigned only a certain number of moves, thereby removing the dice. Initially, there were two pieces of the king, because there were 4 players, and there was only one table. It is believed that it was the Arabs who came up with the basic rules for playing in this. When the game came to the Tajiks, they translated the original name “Shatranj” into their language as “Chess Mat” – the exact translation – the ruler is defeated. The first official competitions of those times are considered to be mentioned in history in 819 among the Arabs.
Development of chess sport in Europe
Soon this sport reached Europe. This event happened after the Arabs conquered Spain and Sicily. Of these countries, chess constantly began to find its fans in Italy, England, France, and even reached the Scandinavian countries. At that time, such countries were under great influence from the church. This game was banned and was equated with games of cards and dice.
But soon the ban was officially lifted. These were the main guidelines of the game. Chess became a required element in the formation of the nobility, because this discipline was of a strategic nature among the military. Some military leaders, going on a campaign, considered it an obligatory attribute to take with them not only this kind of sport, but also two or three more opponents to play them.
First chess competition
Soon, in 1886, the first championships of this discipline were held. In 1924, a single International Chess Federation was formed
In 1993, a specialist of this sport organization emerged. The location of this organization were two significant chess players such as Kasparov and Short. This judgment was promoted by the disagreements of these players with an international organization. They decided to hold their tournament without the impact of an international organization. This introduced the splinter and the revolution of it. The Federation included Kasparov and Short from the list of participants for arbitrariness forever.
There are no restrictions in this sport, absolutely any age is suitable for participation. People with disabilities feel equal in this sport and are ready to compete independently of physical fitness. There are many children’s tournaments. More and more national women’s chess teams began to represent their countries.